Serum, NA, Fasting or Non Fasting: As suggested by doctor
A blood sample is required for this test.
Test results are typically available within a few hours to a day.
Test Normal Range:
The normal range for Brucella IgG antibody levels can vary depending on the laboratory, but typically it’s measured in titers (e.g., 1:80) or in units (e.g., <20 units/mL).
What is the Test?
The Brucella IgG antibody test measures the level of IgG antibodies specific to the Brucella bacteria in the blood. It is used to diagnose or confirm brucellosis, an infectious disease caused by Brucella species that can affect various organs.
A healthcare professional will draw a blood sample from a vein in your arm. The blood sample is analyzed to measure the level of IgG antibodies against Brucella.
When to Take the Test:
This test is typically ordered if someone is suspected of having brucellosis, especially if they exhibit symptoms like fever, fatigue, joint pain, and sweats. It can also be used to monitor the progress of treatment.
Who Should Take This Test:
Individuals with suspected brucellosis. People who have been exposed to animals or environments where Brucella bacteria are present.
Precautions for Exceptional Cases (Pregnancy etc.):
Pregnant individuals should inform their healthcare provider about their pregnancy status before taking the test, as some precautions might be necessary.
Q1: What is brucellosis?
A: Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by Brucella species. It can be transmitted from animals to humans through contact with infected animals or their products.
Q2: How is the test result interpreted?
A: A positive result indicates the presence of IgG antibodies against Brucella, suggesting exposure to the bacteria or an ongoing infection. Further tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
Q3: Can the test distinguish between active and past infections?
A: The test detects IgG antibodies, which can persist after an infection has been treated. Additional tests may be required to differentiate between active and past infections.
Q4: Can I get brucellosis from consuming contaminated food?
A: Yes, consuming unpasteurized dairy products or undercooked meat from infected animals can lead to brucellosis.
Q5: Is the test painful?
A: The test involves a blood draw, which may cause minor discomfort, similar to any other blood test.