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Complete Blood Picture (CBP)



Complete Blood Picture Test Includes:

A Complete Blood Picture (CBP) test, also known as a Complete Blood Count (CBC) test, includes the following parameters:

  • Hemoglobin (Hb): Measures the amount of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
  • Total Red Blood Cell Count (RBC): Counts the number of red blood cells per microliter of blood.
  • Total White Blood Cell Count (WBC): Counts the number of white blood cells per microliter of blood.
  • Platelet Count: Determines the number of platelets per microliter of blood.
  • Hematocrit (Hct): Measures the percentage of red blood cells in the total blood volume.
  • Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV): Indicates the average size of red blood cells.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH): Measures the average amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC): Measures the concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells.
  • Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW): Assesses the variation in size of red blood cells.

sample requiredSample Required:

The Complete Blood Picture (CBP) test requires a blood sample. A healthcare professional will collect the sample by performing a simple blood draw from a vein in your arm.

test timeTest Time:

The test time for a Complete Blood Picture may vary depending on the laboratory and specific factors. Typically, the blood test results are available within a few hours to a day.

test normal rangeCBP Test Normal Range:

Below is a reference table for typical values of the parameters in a Complete Blood Picture (CBP) test:

Parameters Typical Values
Hemoglobin (Hb)  Male: 13.5 – 17.5 g/dL

Female : 12.0 – 15.5 g/dL

Total Red Blood Cell Count (RBC)  Male: 4.5 – 5.5 million/μL

 Female: 4.0 – 5.0 million/μL

Total White Blood Cell count (WBC)  4500 – 11000/μL
Platelet Count  1,50,000 – 4,50,000/μL
Hematocrit (Hct)  Male: 38.8% – 50.0%

Female: 34.9% – 44.5%

Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)  80 – 100 fL
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)  27 – 33 pg
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)  32 – 36 g/dL
Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) 11.5% – 14.5%

what is the testWhat is CBP test?

The Complete Blood Picture (CBP), also known as a Complete Blood Count (CBC), is a common blood test that provides information about different components of your blood. It measures the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, as well as other parameters such as hemoglobin and hematocrit. The test helps evaluate overall health, detect various blood-related conditions, and assess the immune system’s function.

test procedureComplete Blood Picture Test Procedure:

During the Complete Blood Picture test, a healthcare professional will collect a blood sample from your arm using a needle. The blood sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. In the laboratory, automated machines count and analyze the different blood components.

when to take the testWhen to take the CBP test:

The Complete Blood Picture test can be taken as part of a routine health check-up, to evaluate symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, or unexplained bruising, or to monitor certain medical conditions. It may also be recommended before certain surgeries or as a follow-up to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.

who should take this testWho should take the Complete Blood Picutre test:

The Complete Blood Picture test is suitable for individuals of all ages, from infants to older adults. It is commonly performed for general health screenings, preoperative evaluations, assessment of anemia or infections, monitoring of chronic conditions, and evaluating the immune system’s function. Your healthcare provider will determine if this test is appropriate based on your specific situation.

precautions for exceptional casesPrecautions for exceptional cases (pregnancy, etc.):

For pregnant women or individuals with specific medical conditions, additional considerations and specific blood tests may be recommended. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any specific medical conditions, medications, or pregnancy before undergoing the Complete Blood Picture test.


Frequently Asked Questions for Complete Blood Picture (CBP):

Q1: Is fasting required before the Complete Blood Picture test?

A: In most cases, fasting is not required for a Complete Blood Picture test. However, specific fasting instructions may be given by your healthcare provider for other tests included in a comprehensive health check-up. It’s best to follow the instructions provided to you.

Q2: Can the Complete Blood Picture detect all blood disorders?

A: While the Complete Blood Picture provides valuable information about different blood components, it may not detect all types of blood disorders. Additional tests or specialized evaluations may be required for a more specific diagnosis, depending on the symptoms and medical history.

Q3: How often should I get a Complete Blood Picture done?

A: The frequency of Complete Blood Picture testing depends on various factors, including your overall health, medical history, and specific conditions being monitored. It can range from once a year for routine check-ups to more frequent intervals for certain medical conditions. Your healthcare provider will guide you on the appropriate testing schedule.

Q4: Are there any risks or complications associated with the Complete Blood Picture test?

A: The Complete Blood Picture test is a simple blood draw and generally safe. Some individuals may experience mild discomfort or bruising at the needle insertion site. Rarely, there may be a small risk of infection or excessive bleeding. These risks are minimal and usually resolve quickly.

Q5: Can medications or supplements affect the Complete Blood Picture results?

A: Certain medications and supplements can influence the Complete Blood Picture results. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you are taking before the test. They can provide guidance on whether any modifications or temporary discontinuation of certain medications are necessary for accurate results.

Q6: What diseases can be diagnosed from a Complete Blood Picture test?

A: A Complete Blood Picture (CBP) test can help diagnose various conditions, including anemia, infections, inflammatory diseases, bleeding disorders, and certain cancers.

Q7: How to Prepare for the CBP test?

A: Usually, no special preparation is required for a CBP test. It can be done at any time of the day, and fasting is not necessary.

Q8: What is the difference between CBC and CBP test?

A: CBC (Complete Blood Count) and CBP (Complete Blood Picture) are the same tests, and the terms are often used interchangeably to assess the different components of blood.

Q9: What is the cost of the CBP test?

A: Quality healthcare shouldn’t be a luxury. Medicas is dedicated to make all tests and health packages affordable for everyone, ensuring top-notch care is within reach. The cost of the CBP test is just Rs 339.

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