Tests Included in CUE Test:
- Physical Examination: This assesses the color, appearance (clarity/turbidity), and specific gravity of the urine.
- Chemical Examination: This checks for the presence of various substances like glucose, ketones, nitrites, etc., that may indicate certain health conditions.
- Microscopic Examination: This involves examining the urine under a microscope to detect the presence of cells, bacteria, crystals, or other abnormal elements.
Parameters Covered in Complete Urine Examination Test:
- Color: The color of the urine sample is visually assessed, which can provide information about hydration and potential health issues.
- Clarity/Turbidity: This refers to the clearness or cloudiness of the urine, which can indicate the presence of particles or infections.
- pH Level: Measures the acidity or alkalinity of the urine, which can give insights into various health conditions.
- Specific Gravity: Determines the concentration of urine and evaluates the kidneys’ ability to concentrate or dilute urine.
- Glucose: Checks for the presence of glucose in the urine, which can be an indication of diabetes or other conditions.
- Ketones: Detects the presence of ketones, which may indicate uncontrolled diabetes or other metabolic disorders.
- Nitrites: Identifies the presence of bacteria in the urine, which can suggest a urinary tract infection.
The Complete Urine Examination requires a fresh urine sample. You will be provided with a sterile container to collect a midstream urine sample.
CUE Test Results Time:
The test time for a Complete Urine Examination may vary depending on the laboratory and the specific components being analysed. Typically, the results are available within 24 to 48 hours.
CUE Test Normal Range:
The normal range for various components in a Complete Urine Examination can vary. It includes parameters such as urine colour, appearance, pH level, specific gravity, presence of protein, glucose, ketones, red and white blood cells, and other substances. The interpretation of the results should be done by a healthcare provider based on individual factors.
Below is a reference table for the CUE test normal values:
|Color||Pale yellow to amber|
|pH||4.6 – 8.0|
|Specific Gravity||1.005 -1.030|
|Glucose||Negative (no glucose)|
|Ketones||Negative (no ketones)|
|Nitrites||Negative (no nitrites)|
What is CUE test?
The Complete Urine Examination is a diagnostic test that evaluates the physical, chemical, and microscopic characteristics of urine. It helps in assessing kidney function, detecting urinary tract infections, identifying certain diseases, and monitoring overall health.
Complete Urine Examination Test Procedure:
To perform a Complete Urine Examination, you need to collect a midstream urine sample in a sterile container. The sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis. In the laboratory, the urine is examined for color, clarity, pH level, presence of various substances, and microscopic evaluation of cells and particles.
When to take the CUE test:
The timing for a Complete Urine Examination may vary depending on the specific situation or as advised by your healthcare provider. It can be done as part of a routine health check-up, when experiencing urinary symptoms, as a pre-employment requirement, or as directed by your healthcare provider.
Who should take the Complete Urine Examination test:
A Complete Urine Examination is recommended for individuals with suspected urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, diabetes, or those undergoing routine health screenings. It may also be ordered for individuals with symptoms such as frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, blood in the urine, or unexplained abdominal pain.
Precautions for exceptional cases (pregnancy, etc.):
For pregnant women or individuals with specific medical conditions, additional considerations and specific tests may be recommended. It is important to consult with your healthcare provider for guidance on the Complete Urine Examination if you have any specific medical conditions or are pregnant.
Frequently Asked Questions for Complete Urine Examination:
Q1: Do I need to fast before the Complete Urine Examination?
A: Fasting is generally not required for a Complete Urine Examination. You can eat and drink normally before collecting the urine sample.
Q2: How should I collect a midstream urine sample?
A: To collect a midstream urine sample, start urinating into the toilet, then place the collection container midstream to collect a portion of the urine. This helps minimize contamination from the initial and final stream.
Q3: Can medications affect the results of a Complete Urine Examination?
A: Yes, certain medications, such as antibiotics or diuretics, can impact the results of a Complete Urine Examination. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you are taking before the test.
Q4: Can CUE test detect kidney stones and other kidney problems?
A: Yes, complete urine examination test can detect kidney problems by analyzing parameters like protein, blood, and creatinine levels, which may indicate kidney damage or dysfunction. It can provide valuable information related to kidney function and the presence of certain substances that may indicate the risk of kidney stones. However, additional tests, such as imaging studies, may be needed for a definitive diagnosis.
Q5: How often should I have a Complete Urine Examination test?
A: The frequency of urine examination tests depends on individual health conditions and medical recommendations. It may be done annually during routine check-ups or more frequently if there are specific health concerns. It is best to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.
Q6: Can CUE test detect liver problems?
A: Yes, certain liver conditions can be detected by analyzing specific parameters in the urine, such as bilirubin, urobilinogen, and liver enzymes.
Q7: What are the 4 types of tests done on urine?
A: The four types of tests done on urine are physical examination, chemical examination, microscopic examination, and culture and sensitivity.
Q8: What diseases can be diagnosed by complete urine examination test?
A: CUE test can help diagnose various conditions, including urinary tract infections, diabetes, kidney disorders, liver problems, and certain metabolic disorders.
Q9: Why should you get a complete urine examination test done?
A: Complete urine examination test is commonly done as part of routine health check-ups, to monitor chronic conditions, diagnose infections or diseases, and evaluate kidney and liver function.
Q10: What is the cost of the CUE test?
A: Quality healthcare shouldn’t be a luxury. Medicas is dedicated to make all tests and health packages affordable for everyone, ensuring top-notch care is within reach. The cost of the CUE test is just Rs 101.